Fossil-Free Steel: first industrial-scale demonstration plant of HYBRIT

© Foto: Åsa Bäcklin

The first fossil-free steel, industrial-scale demonstration plant will transform Sweden's steel and iron industry and facilitate the transition to a fossil-free society: in Sweden and globally.


Gällivare is located 100 km north of the Arctic Circle and is home to nearly 18,000 people, but has suffered from a lack of employment and future perspectives. HYBRIT's industrial-scale demonstration plant is a unique project that will fundamentally change the Swedish iron and steel industry by producing the first fossil-free steel. The plant will also create thousands of new jobs in northern Sweden over the next few years, a part of Sweden that has been abandoned for decades.


This project combines a progressive climate policy with high ambitions for employment, business and welfare policy. HYBRIT is a courageous project that builds on pioneering innovations using new, not yet industrially tested, technology to produce steel with hydrogen instead of coal. HYBRIT provides a research and development platform for companies in the value chain to collaborate and create the best conditions for fossil-free steel. By placing the demonstration plant in Gällivare, renewable energy from Gällivare's hydroelectric power plants can be used and the heat used to produce iron in Gällivare will be recycled in the production of the fossil-free steel.


Steelmaking is one of the most carbon-intensive industries in the world, responsible for 7-9% of all direct greenhouse gas emissions. This new technology has the potential to reduce Sweden's total carbon dioxide emissions by at least 10% - one third of the country's industrial emissions - and may, in the future, help to reduce emissions from iron and steel production globally. This represents a huge step in the transition from a fossil-fuel dependent society towards a fossil-free society.

Project owner
Birgitta Larsson
Mayor / Chair of the Municipal Board (Kommunstyrelsens ordförande)
Project owner
Henrik Ölvebo
Deputy Mayor / Deputy chair of the municipal board (förste vice ordförande i Kommunstyrelsen)
Project owner
Jeanette Wäppling
Deputy Mayor / Deputy chair of the municipal board (andra vice ordförande i Kommunstyrelsen)